Establishment

The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) was established in 1904 in Kimberley, mainly as a body of poultry “fanciers” to co-ordinate and promote show holding and later to stage egg laying tests, and to provide an instrument to voice the feelings of the industry. Historically, poultry was very much part of the South African scene. Thousands of people kept poultry, and it was seen as backyard industry. Of the largest units kept between two and four thousand birds under extensive conditions. Therefore, poultry clubs consisted of people from all walks of life who considered poultry also as a hobby. A number of poultry clubs were in existence, arranging competitions and shows. The main functions of the South African Poultry Association would thus be composing and formulating show rules and regulating the appointment of judges.

Early years

The early years were difficult and turbulent, and the main issues always emerged as area representation and decentralization of management. Despite clashes between exhibitors and “commercial producers” – a bad word at the time – the Association forged ahead. A South African Poultry Breeders Register was established in 1926, and in 1936 assurance was given that Government would definitely recognize SAPA as the representative organization of the industry. At SAPA’s request the Egg Control Board was established in 1951. The Poultry Bulletin was published by SAPA as its mouthpiece since 1937. Previously the Association selected various existing outside magazines to air its views.

Milestone

Milestones in the history of SAPA have been the upcoming commercial industry, as well as the work of the Association in the establishment of a Record of Production Register, which was deemed to be of great value at the time. SAPA was also instrumental in making available modern poultry equipment when hen batteries were still a new concept.

  • Import tariff
  • Livestock Improvement Act
  • Bilateral Agreements
  • GST on Livestock/VAT on eggs

Training:

  • SAPA/YTA courses
  • Advanced veterinary training at UP Onderstepoort
  • Techikon Pretoria advanced diploma
  • Reduction of Surcharge on imported breeding material and equipment
  • Central Reference Laboratory